Merchants work on the ground of the New York Inventory Trade (NYSE) on October 15, 2021 in New York Metropolis.
Spencer Platt | Getty Pictures
After a disastrous 2020, when many firms had been compelled to chop dividends, these funds to shareholders have been rising for the final a number of quarters. The greenback worth of dividends paid on the S&P 500 will doubtless hit historic document ranges within the third quarter and for the complete yr, as effectively.
“Dividends are again,” Howard Silverblatt, senior index analyst at S&P Dow Jones Indices, instructed me.
S&P 500: Yearly dividend payouts
- 2017 $420 billion
- 2018 $456 billion
- 2019 $485 billion
- 2020 $483 billion
- 2021 so far: $522 billion, up 8.1%
Supply: S&P Dow Jones Indices
Almost 300 corporations within the S&P 500 have raised their dividend this yr.
Total, dividends within the second quarter had been up 4% from a yr in the past, and 6.5% increased than the pandemic low set within the third quarter of 2020, based on BMO Capital Markets.
“Elevated money ranges, beneath common payout ratios… and an unprecedented restoration in company earnings are setting the stage for an prolonged rebound in shareholder distribution, in our view, which ought to in the end be a optimistic for U.S. inventory market efficiency as we sit up for 2022,” Brian Belski, BMO’s chief funding strategist, stated in a notice to shoppers.
Particularly, vitality corporations have been both assuring buyers the dividend is safe (ExxonMobil) or mountain climbing the dividend after many slashed these funds prior to now a number of years. Up to now month, Viper Power, Devon Power, Chesapeake Power, DTE Power, Marathon Oil, Oasis Petroleum, and Diamondback Power have all hiked their dividends.
Different corporations which have not too long ago raised their dividend embody Estee Lauder, Simon Property Group, U.S. Metal, and Voya Monetary.
The rationale company America is making document dividend funds is easy: Money flows have been getting stronger because the restoration has proceeded, so firms are in a position to divert more cash to buybacks and dividends.
Dividends and buybacks each come out of money stream. Right here is how company America spent its money stream within the second quarter:
Money stream, second quarter
- Dividends: 21%
- Buybacks: 33.8%
- Capital expenditures: 27.8%
- Retained earnings, paying down debt: 18%
Supply: S&P Dow Jones Indices
Whereas the greenback worth of dividends has risen this yr, dividends as a proportion of money stream has decreased barely in recent times.
“Dividends have certainly gone up as a result of money flows have elevated,” Silverblatt stated.
“Nonetheless, you aren’t getting an even bigger piece of the pie, as a result of cash is being spent in different areas,” he stated. “Over the past a number of years, firms have been spending extra on buybacks than dividends, and in addition much less on capital expenditures.”
Why the emphasis on buybacks over dividends? “Buybacks are simpler to manage,” Silverblatt stated. “You’ll be able to cease or improve a buyback. Dividends and capital expenditures are long-term and troublesome to reverse.”
The dangerous information: Due to the relentless rise within the S&P this yr (up about 24% year-to-date), dividend yields, at 1.3%, are close to historic lows.
The final time yields had been this low was September 2000, once they hit 1.14%.
The long-term common (since 1936) is 3.54%.
That may be a bit unusual: Company America is paying out more cash than ever in dividends, however dividend yields are close to a document low.
That could be why buyers aren’t throwing cash into dividend-yielding shares this yr.
For instance, there have seen modest inflows prior to now a number of months into exchange-traded funds that pay increased dividends, such because the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index, the ProShares S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats ETF, and the WisdomTree Quality Dividend Growth Fund. Nonetheless, this pales compared to the massive inflows into plain-vanilla index funds like these which are tied to the S&P 500 (say, the SPDR S&P 500 ETF or the iShares Core S&P 500 ETF) or to the Russell 2000 (iShares Russell 2000 ETF), or the Nasdaq 100 (the Invesco QQQ ETF).
“Traders are selecting extra focused value-oriented ETFs, or they’re selecting extra broadly diversified ETFs, quite than proudly owning corporations which have traditionally elevated dividends,” Todd Rosenbluth, director of ETF and mutual fund analysis at CFRA Analysis, instructed me.
He defined there have been two issues. “The shares with enticing yields are in additional defensive sectors like Utilities and Shopper Staples, and buyers are favoring progress over these defensive sectors. Second, yields are low,” which makes dividend investing unattractive for a lot of.
Silverblatt concurred. “If earnings proceed to rise, you must proceed to see dividends rise,” he instructed me.
“Nonetheless, it is exhausting to dwell on dividends as a result of these yields are so low,” he added.
There’s hope, Belski says that these yields will begin to rise as money stream continues to enhance into 2022. “Even with dividend funds for the S&P 500 already on tempo for a record-setting yr, we consider there may be additional room for progress within the coming durations,” he stated.